A tech stack is a combination of programming language, framework, developer tools, and the deployment strategy.
Deciding on a tech stack is critical for the development of the application. However, choosing the right tech stack is a tedious task; evaluation of the right language – Java, PHP or Python, deciding the appropriate database and front-end applications, and picking a robust and scalable framework requires checking trade-offs benefits and limitations in detail.
Why choosing the right tech stack is important?
Using a technology stack is essential to expedite product development. Understanding how to choose the right mix of backend and front-end technologies can not only ensure faster development but also robust, scalable and separable product,
Here are a few pointers that can help you choose the right tech stack to empower your software product development.
1. Choose tech stack based on business needs
choice of tech stack depends on the business context, sector and criticality of the product, For eg, if you are just starting, you may want to have a quicker time-to-market; Java, will be the first consideration as the learning time is less, there are multiple readily available modules that you can plug and play with. If you are building a product for the compliance industry, then your preference should be a tech stack that has a robust architecture to adhere to compliance and rules and if the product is mission critical, a failsafe / failover mechanism will be required.
2. Keep the future in mind
The product roadmap and future evolutions need to be kept in mind. The tech stack that you choose should need to be able to cater to your business’ future needs like – new feature and module additions, integration with external solutions, the capability to store and manage increasing data, and the possibilities of maintaining archived data for years, additions.
3. Start simple before getting Techy
It is ideal to test your idea first. Before you get into a thorough search of the right tech stack, build a prototype to know what your development limitations or what additional checks are you need to list down when looking for the right tech stack. For instance, if you know that most of your end users will be using a low-end phone, your tech stack should include tech and framework that caters to low-end phones, and this can be known via a prototype to test the market. Also, refer to this guide on Guide to successful tech product development – What you need to know. We list out a unique tech development process that delivers consistent results.
4. Pick Robust
New technologies keep coming and some may sustain, some may not. Hence it is important that you pick a tech stack that has been there in the market for a while and has steadily grown and is robust and mature.
5. Scalable and Separable
With technologies getting better and changing so quickly, what is preferred today, may not be tomorrow. Your front end, backend, tech pieces should be scalable if required and easy to separate as well, to allow integration with a new technology that may come in the next few years.
6. Define Budget for the tech stack and developers too
Availability of developers is an essential point to be factored in. You choose the right tech stack based on other factors, but your recruitment team has a challenge finding the right candidates and in your budget. It is not only about paying for the tech stack, but you also should be able to afford the developers.
We hope the above thoughts help you in your journey of tech development and you are now more aware of the choices involved in choosing a tech stack.
In a nutshell – the choice of a technology stack is largely driven by the business requirement and complexity of the application, industry the application will cater to, budget, users of the product/application, and the future evolution plan of the product. Consider all these points before finalizing a tech stack.
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After successful 5 years stint in a corporate role, Nitin is back to what he enjoys most – conceptualizing new software solutions to solve business problems. Nitin is postgraduate from IIT, Mumbai, India and in his 19 years of career, has played key roles in building a desktop as well as enterprise solutions right from idealization to launch which are adopted by many Fortune 500 companies. As a Founder member of Pratiti Technologies, he is committed to applying his management learning as well as the passion for building new solutions to realize your innovation with certainty.