In the age of cloud-native application development, microservices are a major talking point among software developers. Technology-driven companies like Amazon, Uber, and Netflix are adopting microservices over monolithic architecture for better business agility. Hence, it’s no surprise that the global market for microservices is predicted to reach $10.86 billion by the year 2027.
Lately, “microservices” is also becoming a must-adopt buzzword among product development startups. With their loosely coupled architecture, microservices are becoming popular among application developers in startups. After all, they are more compatible with delivering applications on the cloud platform.
Besides, as businesses evolve to become agile and adopt DevOps practices, they are naturally moving from the monolithic mode to microservices. To that end, let’s discuss why startups should consider adopting microservices for product development.
What are Microservices in Product Development?
Microservices are a set of smaller and loosely coupled services that communicate using APIs. This approach is in direct contrast to the monolithic architecture that is tightly coupled and comprises a single service. Monolithic applications are difficult to scale along with the increase in features and code base.
On the other hand, microservices-based applications use multiple independent components that run every application process as a service. Using lightweight APIs, these services can communicate through an API interface.
Here are some of the unique characteristics of microservices:
Modularity is the core feature of microservices. This means that application can operate as a suite of smaller services, each of which can deploy independently and run its processes.
This means that application developers can create, deploy, operate, and scale each service in the microservices architecture without impacting other services. Effectively, services do not share their code or implementation with other services.
This characteristic means that every service has its specialized capabilities. Hence, it can focus on solving a specific business problem. As services become more complex, they can be divided into smaller services.
How do microservices benefit product development? Let’s discuss that next.
Benefits of Microservices in Product Development
Camunda Research reports that 63% of enterprise-level companies use the microservices architecture in their product development. Here are some of the benefits of microservices in product development:
The microservices approach encourages development companies to create smaller independent teams that can take complete ownership of services. Smaller teams can understand the context of their work and work more independently. This leads to short development cycles and increased agility.
2. Compatible with Agile Environment
As compared to monolithic architecture, microservices are more compatible with the agile culture. For instance, this approach focuses on individual services, rapid iterations, continuous development & testing, and cost-effective development.
3. Service-Specific Development and Testing
Thanks to their service-oriented architecture, microservices enable organizations to create individual teams to work on specific services. These services cater to all elements, including product development, testing, maintenance, and deployment. Thus, every delivered service benefits from focused and dedicated attention.
4. CI/CD Support
Continuous development and integration (CI/CD) is core to the DevOps philosophy. Microservices supports CI/CD, where cross-functional teams can develop, test, and troubleshoot services independently. Thus, organizations can benefit from faster deployment and shorter turnaround times.
5. Improved Scalability
Scalability is necessary for growing businesses. With microservices, startups can deploy services to multiple servers, thus improving scalability and performance. Development teams can scale individual services independently and also add (or test) new components without any downtime or redeployment.
Next, let’s discuss how to implement microservices in product development.
How to Implement Microservices in Product Development
Are microservices the future of product development? Well, organizations that have adopted microservices believe in their potential for faster application development. However, success also depends on proper implementation.
Here are the steps for implementing microservices for product development:
1. Begin with the Monolithic Approach
Startups generally don’t have users for their applications. Hence, it’s recommended to start with a monolithic application with a single codebase. This step is effective in identifying your key business objectives and reducing the overall project overhead.
2. Organize the Right Teams
In the monolithic application mode, software teams comprise frontend, backend, and operations teams that work independently. This team structure is not ideal for delivering microservices. Instead, organize smaller independent DevOps teams who are capable of delivering services. Each team must have the capability to develop, test, and deploy their particular service.
3. Break the Monolithic into a Microservices Architecture
After building a monolithic application and organizing teams, it’s time to break or split the monolithic architecture into microservices. Here are some key aspects:
- Use RESTful API to communicate between the services
- Refactor the monolithic database to divide data into multiple domains
- Build a resilient microservices architecture to avoid failure
Additionally, here are some best practices for the microservices architecture:
- Determine if your organization needs microservices for its business requirements
- Design loosely coupled services with high cohesion
- Design an API gateway that can help in communication between the services
- Use application monitoring in microservices testing to detect issues early in the development phase
- Adopt continuous deployment and testing for an increasing number of services
Using microservices, startups can easily organize smaller teams, enable team collaboration, and build applications for agility and scalability.
Since its inception, Pratiti Technologies has been the preferred technology partner for startups and ISVs. Along with custom development services, we offer our expertise in cloud-native application development for technology-based startups.
Want to learn how microservices can transform your digital journey? Contact us today!